turbine


turbine
Turbine: A type of engine in which all the parts that are in regular motion are rotating, making for very smooth operation. The basic gas turbine operates as follows: air enters the compressor and is compressed. It is then delivered to the combustion chamber under pressure and here the fuel is introduced, mixed with the air and burned, the quantity injected determining speed and power output. The hot, high-pressure burning gases then proceed to the first turbine, which drives the compressor and continue to the power turbine, which delivers power to the output shaft through reduction gears. The gears are necessary because the speed of turbine rotation is measured in tens of thousands of rpm not thousands as with a typical piston engine. The turbine's attractions include its utter simplicity and directness in getting power from burning gas, its smoothness, easy cold starting and its ability to run on almost any hydrocarbon fuel. On the minus side are high cost, problems with materials because of the high temperatures and speed of rotation and relatively high NOx production. Also see gas turbine

Dictionary of automotive terms. 2015.

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  • Turbine — Turbine …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • turbine — [ tyrbin ] n. f. • 1822; « tourbillon, roue de fuseau » 1532; lat. turbo, inis « tourbillon, toupie » ♦ Dispositif rotatif, destiné à utiliser la force vive d un fluide et à transmettre le mouvement au moyen d un arbre (pour qu il soit utilisé ou …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • turbiné — turbine [ tyrbin ] n. f. • 1822; « tourbillon, roue de fuseau » 1532; lat. turbo, inis « tourbillon, toupie » ♦ Dispositif rotatif, destiné à utiliser la force vive d un fluide et à transmettre le mouvement au moyen d un arbre (pour qu il soit… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Turbine (TB) — Turbine Banderas Historial …   Wikipedia Español

  • Turbine — Tur bine, n. [L. turbo, inis, that which spins or whirls round, whirl.] 1. A water wheel, commonly horizontal, variously constructed, but usually having a series of curved floats or buckets, against which the water acts by its impulse or reaction …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Turbine — Banderas Historial …   Wikipedia Español

  • Turbine — Turbine, Inc. Turbine, Inc. (прежде Turbine Entertainment Software, Second Nature, и изначально CyberSpace, Inc.) компания разработчик компьютерных игр, была основана Джоном Монсаррэтом, Джереми Гэффни, Кевином Лэнджевином, и Тимоти Миллером.… …   Википедия

  • Turbine — Sf erw. fach. (19. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. turbine, einer Neubildung zu l. turbo ( inis) m. Wirbel; alles, was sich im Kreis dreht .    Ebenso nndl. turbine, ne. turbine, nfrz. turbine, nschw. turbin, nisl. túrbína; turbulent. ✎ Cottez …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • turbine — UK US /ˈtɜːbaɪn/ noun [C] PRODUCTION ► a type of machine in which a wheel is driven by the movement of liquid or gas so that power is produced: »A one megawatt turbine can produce enough electricity annually to meet the needs of 700 households.… …   Financial and business terms

  • turbine — (n.) 1838, from Fr. turbine, from L. turbinem (nom. turbo) spinning top, eddy, whirlwind, related to turba turmoil, crowd (see TURBID (Cf. turbid)). Originally applied to a wheel spinning on a vertical axis, driven by falling water. Turbo in… …   Etymology dictionary